Research shows that just looking at water, a plant, or a tree can improve our health and wellbeing. And many of us have fond childhood memories of dipping in ponds as children. But putting in a large pond can seem daunting if you’re looking after kids, or impossible if you don’t have much outside space. Creating a mini-pond can still have surprisingly high benefits for wildlife.
One of the best ways you can attract wildlife to your home, even if you only have a balcony, is to create a mini pond from a container. No matter how small, a pond will attract wildlife if it’s in good condition.
Choose somewhere that gets some sun but isn’t in full sunlight all day. Place the container in your chosen spot before you fill it with water (it will be too heavy to move when it’s full). You can leave it on the surface, or dig it in if you can (this helps creatures get in and out).
Put some gravel in the bottom. Try not to mix soil with it, as the nutrients in the soil will encourage the growth of algae. However you’ve positioned your pond, make sure wildlife can get in and out by create little stepping stones, or ladders with stones, wood, tiles, sticks etc.
Use rainwater where you can. Either from a water butt or a watering can that’s collected rain water. If you do need to use tap water fill your container and then leave the water for 24 hours to let any chlorine evaporate.
Make sure you use aquatic plants if you can (you only need a couple). Submerged pondweed is important to include because it helps keep the pond clear. And make sure you’re always using native plants. Rigid hornwort and whorled water-milfoil are good choices. You can buy them online from garden centres and specialist pond suppliers.
Great plants for small ponds include:
Over the next few months this little oasis you’ve created will develop an ecosystem of its own. As part of this process it might develop algae or blanket weed to start with but as the ecosystem develops the plants and creatures will keep the pond clear. Don’t be tempted to introduce tadpoles, frogs, fish or even water from another pond as it can spread disease. Let nature do its job and you could attract hedgehogs, frogs and toads, bats, birds, dragonflies and damselflies to your pond.